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भौतिकी संस्थान, भुवनेश्वर

परमाणु ऊर्जा विभाग के एक स्वायत्त अनुसंधान संस्थान, भारत सरकार

  Seminars in Institute of Physics

Seminars This Week


  • Quantum fluctuations at the superconductor insulator transition probed by the Nernst effect

    16-10-2017 At 04:00:00 PM

    Speaker: Arnab Roy, Department of Physics, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel

    Category: CMP Seminar

    Tea Break: 03:45:00 PM

    Venue: IOP Lecture Hall

    Abstract

    The superconductor-insulator transition (SIT) is an excellent example of a quantum phase transition, controlled by a non-thermal tuning parameter g, and dominated by quantum fluctuations, which are expected to be prominent near the quantum critical point. So far, most of the experimental studies of the SIT have focussed on transport properties and tunnelling studies, which do not provide quantitative information on the criticality, and on the physics of the quantum fluctuations close to the transition. In our study, we utilize an experimental tool uniquely suited for the study of the evolution of quantum fluctuations through the quantum critical point: the Nernst effect. Nernst effect, in the past has proved to be a very useful tool in the study of superconducting fluctuations, particularly in the case of phase fluctuations mediated by mobile vortices and antivortices. Such fluctuations are important below the superconducting critical temperature TC, and are responsible for having a finite resistance even at a temperature below TC, at which a finite superconducting amplitude ψ¬0 appears.

    In our system of amorphous thin film of Indium Oxide, it is believed that the attainment of zero resistance is mediated by pairing of the mobile vortices and antivortices into immobile dipoles, at a temperature TBKT below TC, the transition being a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition. Using resistivity as our tuning parameter g, we take this system through a disorder-induced SIT, and find significant Nernst signals on both the superconducting and insulating sides of the SIT. Analysis of the Nernst coefficient across the SIT shows remarkable qualitative agreement with a model recently developed for the case of Josephson-coupled superconducting chains [1]. We also obtain, for the first time, the scaling behaviour of the off-diagonal Peltier coefficient αyx, a thermodynamic quantity closely related to the Nernst effect, near a disorder-induced SIT.

    References:[1] Y. Atzmon and E. Shimshoni, Phys. Rev. B - Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 87, 1 (2013).

  • Mixed Singlet-Doublet Fermionic Dark Matter, Neutrino Mass and Collider Signatures

    16-10-2017 At 12:00:00 PM

    Speaker: Mr. Nirakar Sahoo, IIT Hyderabad

    Category: HEP Seminar

    Tea Break: 11:45:00 AM

    Venue: IOP Lecture Hall

    Abstract

    The Dark Matter constitutes nearly 26.8% of the total energy budget of the universe as precisely measured by PLANCK and WMAP. One of the attractive candidates for dark matter is a Weakly Interacting Massive Particle(WIMP). A minimal model is proposed which contains one triplet scalar with hypercharge 2 and two vector like fermions: one singlet and a doublet in order to simultaneously explain neutrino mass and dark matter content of the universe.

    The dark matter emerges out as a mixed state of the singlet fermion and the neutral component of the doublet. A Z2 symmetry stabilizes the dark matter. The triplet scalar gets an induced vev after the electroweak symmetry breaking and hence give Majorana masses to the neutrinos as well as to the dark matter. Due to the Majorana mass term of the dark matter, the Z mediated direct detection cross-section is forbidden but it can interact with the nuclithrough Higgs mediated chanel and hence can be probed in future running experiments like Xenon-1T. The charged companion of dark matter can give large displaced signature at the LHC.

  • Phenomenological Aspects of Neutrino Oscillation

    17-10-2017 At 04:00:00 PM

    Speaker: C. Soumya, University of Hyderabad

    Category: TPSC HEP Seminar

    Tea Break: 03:45:00 PM

    Venue: IOP Lecture Hall

    Abstract

    The discovery of neutrino oscillation made a major breakthrough in particle physics as it implies that neutrinos have mass and thus provides very strong evidence for new physics beyond the SM. So far huge progress has been made in extracting the information about the knowledge of the neutrino masses and lepton flavour mixing parameters through the various neutrino experiments. However, there is no information about the mass hierarchy of neutrino, CP violation in neutrino flavor transition and octant of atmospheric mixing angle.

    All these parameters play crucial role in neutrino mass model building. Therefore, many neutrino oscillation experiments are intended to determine these unknowns. This talk presents a sensitivity of current (T2K and NOvA) and future (T2HK) generation experiments to determine the unknowns in this sector.

    This is followed by a discussion on how do non-standard interactions of neutrino affect the sensitivity of LBL experiments. Finally, this talk also presents a study on the non-unitary lepton mixing in an inverse seesaw and its impact on the sensitivity of LBL experiments.

  • Consequences of phase transition dynamics in Neutron stars and in Inflation

    17-10-2017 At 11:00:00 AM

    Speaker: Mr. Arpan Das

    Category: Synopsis presentation

    Tea Break: 10:45:00 AM

    Venue: IOP Lecture Hall

    Abstract

    Synopsis presentation

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